The importance of air purifiers can never be overemphasized in boosting the quality of air you breathe in. They have been with us for a while protecting families from air pollutants. Allergens such as pollen, pet dander, smoke, mold spores, bacteria and so on are well known for adversely affecting your health.
Allergens have the capacity of damaging your lungs as well as immune system. The most unfortunate thing about the whole issue is that these immune triggers are not visible to the naked eye. That is why it is very essential to get rid of them in order to enjoy good health.
In this article, you will read about various types of air purifiers, the major technologies involved in air purification, the best filter types for allergies, pet, home and odor, just to mention but few. You will definitely enjoy the piece.
How Air Purifiers Work
Air purifiers work by removing bad particles in the air. In order to achieve this purpose, there are different technologies used. The three major technologies are filtering, electrical attraction as well as ozone.
Air filtering involves the use of fine sieves which ensure that foreign materials are filtered from moving air. The acceptable standard for air filters is set by the High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filters which have the capacity of trapping up to 99.7% of particles in the air which are bigger than 0.3 microns.
It will interest you to note that one micron is equal to 1/25,400 of one inch and it is not possible for your eyes to see particles that are smaller than 10 microns. Room air conditioner has the capacity of capturing only particles that are larger than 10 microns.
But HEPA filters have the capability of capturing particles smaller than 10 microns like smoke, dust, pet dander, pollen, asbestos and so on. As more air goes through the HEPA filter, it becomes cleaner.
Air purifiers also make use of electrical attraction to get particles trapped. This is carried out in three major ways including electronic, electret or ionic.
Electronic air purifiers work by drawing in particles with the aid of a fan and get them charged through wires of high voltage. Also, there are many plates with completely different electrical charge which magnetize the foreign objects when they go pass the plates.
Electret filters present in air purifiers make use of synthetic fibers for the creation of static charges for attracting particles. They come in different types including disposable, reusable, pleated and plain.
Ionic air purifiers make use of little, charged needles or wire for creating gas molecules having negative ions which attracts the contaminants. They are used for attracting specific particles and may not be effective for odors, chemicals or gases.
Ozone generators make use of electrical currents of a high voltage to get oxygen converted to ozone. The ozone works as a strong oxidant which helps in breaking down microbes and molecules in the air. However, ozone generators may not be so safe as artificially created ozone can complicate asthma and allergies.
They can also damage the interlining of the lungs and nasal passages thereby leading to chest pain, coughing, shortness of breath and throat irritation. As a result of this, the Environmental Protection Agency as well as American Lung Association have advised against the use of ozone generators.
Which Filter Type Is Best For My Allergies?
Allergens in your house can cause a lot of health issues for you. That is why you need a perfect filter for your allergies. Some of them are discussed below.
1. Honeywell HPA300 True HEPA Allergen Remover
This is a powerful purifier that circulates air five times in every hour. It captures all the germs and odors in your house and does not give up any ozone.
2. GermGuardian AC4825 3-in-1 Air Cleaning System
This is a tower shaped purifier which combines charcoal filter, UV-C light and HEPA filter. It eliminates odors from smoking and pets in order to make your house dust-free.
3. Holmes HAP600-U HEPA-Type Egg Air Purifier
This egg shaped purifier has the capacity of eliminating 99% of foreign particles in the air. It can be perfectly placed on a nightstand or dresser and there are three filter speeds available.
4. Hamilton Beach TrueAir Allergen-Reducing Ultra Quiet Air Cleaner Purifier
This is an ideal purifier for you if you are running on a tight budget. It comes with HEPA-grade filtration and can be placed beneath your desk or on a shelf without you remembering that you have put it there.
5. Coway AP-1512HH Mighty Air Purifier with True HEPA and Eco Mode
This mighty profile will perfectly fit your home. It comes with a built-in sensor which allows the device to double up the elimination process when there are too much allergens in the air. In a situation whereby there is no detection of allergens within 30 minutes, the device will turn off temporarily so that power will be saved.
6. Dyson Pure Cool Link Air Purifier
This air purifier features a remote control as well as app so that quality data and alert will be provided so that you will be able to know when to replace the HEPA air filter. It is an ideal solution that will make air in your home to be adequately purified.
Which Filter Type Is Best For Pet?
If you have pets at home, here are the best air filters for you.
1. Winix HR1000
Winix HR1000 features a powerful fan, HEPA filter, plasma wave technology and washable pre-filter, etc., to guarantee the elimination of pet allergies, hair and odor. It has the capacity to eliminate 99.9% particles shredded into the air by your pets.
2. Hamilton Beach 04384
This device has the capacity of dealing with all allergies associated with pets. It comes with a permanent HEPA type filter which is cleanable with the aid of a vacuum cleaner. In addition, it contains two activated carbon zeolite filters which are very powerful for fighting odor.
3. Blue Pure 411
This is a budget device coming from a popular brand, Blueair. It is fortified with the certified particle filter in order to ensure that proper trapping of foreign materials is achieved. It blends electrostatic and mechanical filtration to capture 99% of allergens down to 0.3 microns.
4. GermGuardian AC5250PT
GermGuardian AC5250PT features an innovative Pet Pure Technology for an optimum performance. It can capture all types of allergens including pet dander, plant pollen, household dust, mold spores and so on.
5. Honeywell True HEPA Allergen Remover HPA300
This purifier comes with a high CADR rating to give an optimum performance. It can get rid of particles as small as 0.3 microns with an amazing capacity to capture 99.9% of particles. In addition, it has an unrivalled fan power which ensures that the particles are easily trapped.
Which Filter Type Is Best For My home?
When choosing an air filter for your home, it is very important for you to look properly before you leap. Usually, filters are rated based on their Minimum Efficiency Reporting Value (MERV). The higher the MERV, the more the foreign matters that will be eliminated from the air. The sizes and thickness of the materials in used to produce the filters determine their MERV.
Spun Fiberglass Filters
These are cheap air filters with MERV between 1 and 4. They are disposable with the capacity of catching up to 80% of allergens. They are recommended for minimum protection from dirt and dust.
Disposable Pleated Paper or Polyester Filters
These filters have their MERV between 5 and 8. They are medium-sized filters with the capability of trapping up to 95% of foreign substances. They are more expensive than spun fiberglass filters, at least up to four times.
With MERV of 2 to 10, electrostatic filters are capable of attracting particles that make the air unsafe. They come in both disposable and washable versions so that you will have the opportunity of making the right choice. If you get a product of high quality, it can last for about eight years.
Disposable Pleated High MERV Filters
These are high efficiency filters with MERV of between 11 and 13. They can trap particles as small as 0.3 micron, including viruses and bacteria. They come in versions that can be two to five inch thick attached to box-like housing which is put on an air handler.
High-efficiency Particulate Arrestance (HEPA) Filters
These filters represent efficiency of the highest order with the capacity to filter particles as small as 0.3 micron. They restrict airflow drastically and needs to be used with a compatible system.
Which Filter Type Is Best For odor?
Getting rid of odors in your home can be very tasking because not all air filters have the capacity of eliminating them. The molecules of odor can be as small as 0.001 microns and this calls for a drastic action. Particles filters do not have the capability to trap them due to their size.
Basically, products that can remove odors should contain activated carbon because of its ability to absorb odors effectively. In addition, air filters containing zeolite will also be very effective because zeolite is a natural mineral the an enhanced capability to absorb odors.
For severe odors, you can use an ozone generator which is very active in breaking up odors very fast. However, ozone generators should be used for with care because they can be hazardous. Inhaling ozone can damage your lungs, hence, you should only use it when nobody is at home.
You can also try natural air filtering methods to get rid of odors. You can prepare satchels or bowls with zeolite, carbon or binchotan and place them in your room. These compounds have the capability of absorbing odors but this is done slowly. You can also grow plants in your room so that the air will be cleaned gradually.
However, for quick odor removal, you can try the following products.
Healthmate HM-400 is very effective for getting rid of indoor odors. It comes with 15 pounds of energized zeolite and carbon so that odors as well as gases can be removed quickly.
There is also an HEPA filter in the product which is guaranteed to eliminate 99.9% foreign substances as small as 0.3 microns. It is cheaper to maintain because you only need to replace the filter after about five years.
Winix 5500-2 Air Purifier
This air filter is fortified with carbon granules to ensure that odors in your home are proper removed. Another advantage of this product is that it gives off ions for the purpose of reducing odors. It is reliable because its manufacturer has been doing business since 1973.
Also from the stable of Winix, this air filter is enabled with WiFi with carbon-filter element. It is also a reliable product with an advanced capability of getting rid of odors in your home.
For stubborn odors like deeply encapsulated cigarette odor, you should endeavor to get an ozone generator. The generator will give off ozone gas which will diffuse through all the stuffs in your room. Eventually, all odors will be eliminated.
However, you should not try to use an ozone generator as a normal air filter, just as mentioned earlier. Ozone has the capacity of damaging your lungs and should be used when there is an odor emergency and when nobody is at home.
Your knowledge of how air purifiers work will go a long way in helping you to get the best product that will meet your desire. Allergens should not be allowed to take over your home, hence, you should do everything possible to get them eliminated.